Neocons fordern „Hilfe“ für das syrische Volk – Ein neuer „Offener Brief“


Demonstration in Syrien, Bild: Syrian Demonstration 30; Lizenz: CC BY 2.0

Von Hans-Werner Klausen

Rechtzeitig vor Weihnachten haben sich die US-amerikanischen Neokonservativen („Neocons“) wieder mit einem Offenen Brief zu Wort gemeldet – diesmal zu Syrien. Am 19. Dezember 2011 veröffentlichten die Foreign Policy Initiative (FPI) und die Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) einen Offenen Brief an US-Präsident Obama unter der Überschrift „Foreign Policy Experts Urge President Obama to Take Action Against Assad“.

Die Unterzeichner des Briefes fordern
- härtere Sanktionen gegen Syrien
- Schaffung einer internationalen Kontaktgruppe mit gleichgesinnten Partnern
- Etablierung direkter Kontakte zu regierungsfeindlichen Gruppen, insbesondere zum „Syrischen Nationalrat“ und zu den Deserteuren aus der syrischen Armee
- Zusammenarbeit mit der Türkei um zum „Schutz von Zivilisten“ „No-Go-Zonen“
für die syrischen Sicherheitskräfte zu etablieren.

Die letztgenannte Forderung bedeutet faktisch die Schaffung von geschützten Aufmarschgebieten für die in Syrien agierenden konterrevolutionären Banden.

Die für den Brief mitverantwortliche Foreign Policy Initiative (FPI) – de facto die Nachfolgeinstitution des Project for the New American Century (PNAC) – hatte am 25. Februar 2011 in einem Offenen Brief an Obama den Sturz des libyschen Revolutionsführers Muammar al-Gaddafi gefordert. Im August 2011 hatte ein Offener Brief , der im wesentlichen dieselben Unterzeichner wie der jetzige Brief hatte, von der Regierung Obama mehr Härte gegen Syrien gefordert. Der jetzige Brief läuft in seinen Forderungen auf die Vorbereitung einer neuen imperialistischen Aggression hinaus.

Die Initiatoren des jetzigen Briefes haben damit Erfahrung. 1998 hatten Offene Briefe des PNAC den Sturz von Saddam Hussein und Slobodan Milosevic gefordert und mehrere Unterzeichner des jetzigen Briefes waren unter George W. Bush in Regierungsfunktionen für den Irak-Krieg mitverantwortlich. So war zum Beispiel Douglas Feith von 2001 bis 2005 Staatssekretär für Politik im Pentagon. Elliott Abrams – gegenwärtig hauptamtlicher Mitarbeiter des Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) – war Nahost- und Demokratieberater von George W. Bush. Abrams hatte bereits unter Ronald Reagan praktische Erfahrungen bei der Unterstützung konterrevolutionärer Banden : als Staatssekretär für Lateinamerika im State Department gehörte er zu den Helden der Iran-Contra-Affäre. James Woolsey, Martin Peretz und Leon Wieseltier hatten 1986 einen Offenen Brief für die Bewaffnung der Contras unterzeichnet.

Mehrere Unterzeichner des jetzigen Briefes sind Berater republikanischer Politiker, die sich um die Nominierung als Kanidaten für die Präsidentenwahl des Jahres 2012 bewerben. Robert Kagan (Vorstandsmitglied des PNAC und der FPI; seine Frau Victoria Nuland war einst bei Richard Cheney stellvertretende Beraterin für nationale Sicherheit und ist gegenwärtig Pressesprecherin von Außenministerin Hillary Rodham Clinton), Eric Edelman (Vorstandsmitglied der FPI), Dan Senor (Vorstandsmitglied der FPI) und Dov Zakheim sind Berater von Mitt Romney, Douglas Feith ist Berater von Rick Perry, James Woolsey ist Berater von Newt Gingrich. Man wird also noch einiges von den Neocons hören.

Anhang:

Foreign Policy Experts Urge President Obama to Take Action Against Assad

December 19, 2011 |

Open Letter from FPI and FDD

The Honorable Barack Obama
President of the United States of America
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20005
 
Dear Mr. President:
 
The situation in Syria is rapidly deteriorating.  The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights reports that over 5,000 Syrian civilians have been killed, and 14,000 more detained, since President Bashar al-Assad’s crackdown against anti-regime protestors began in March 2011.  Cities such as Homs are under siege, with the Syrian military’s tanks and armored vehicles firing indiscriminately into residential areas, and regime forces going house-to-house to arrest or murder the regime’s opponents.  The conflict is quickly escalating towards civil war.
 
We are glad that, in the time since your call for President Assad to step down on August 18, 2011, the United States, European Union, and regional powers have increased the breadth and strength of sanctions imposed against the Assad regime.  However, it is increasingly clear that more assertive American leadership and international action are required to ensure that the Syrian people have the opportunity to enjoy a post-Assad future as soon as possible.
 
America’s interests in Syria are clear.  The Syrian government, which has been on the State Department’s State Sponsors of Terror list since 1979, maintains a strategic partnership with Iran, Hamas, and Hezbollah.  For years, the Assad regime also assisted the transit of foreign fighters who were responsible for killing numerous American troops in Iraq.  And for years, the Syrian government secretly pursued a nuclear program with North Korean assistance.  The emergence of a representative Syrian government that protects the rights of all of its citizens and opposes violent extremism in all forms would therefore be a significant blow to Tehran and dramatically improve regional security and stability.
 
Members of your administration, however, have made statements against the militarization of the uprising, even warning that such a turn could threaten international support for their cause.  Such a position is counterproductive, especially since the protesters themselves are calling for international protection from the Assad regime’s forces.  As of now, this protection is coming only from defectors from the Syrian military, who are fighting in support of the revolution.  U.S. condemnation of their armed resistance undercuts them, and could have the effect of discouraging further Syrian military defections.
 
As was the case in Libya, the situation in Syria is one in which our interests and our values converge.  We therefore urge you to take the following immediate actions to bring an end to Assad’s brutality:
Show leadership on sanctions by immediately supporting legislation originally proposed by Senators Kirsten Gillibrand, Mark Kirk, and Joseph Lieberman, and Representatives Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Eliot Engel, and working with allies to impose other crippling multilaterally-based sanctions on the Syrian government.
Form a contact group of like-minded international partners to coordinate national strategies to further increase pressure on the Assad regime.

Establish direct contact with various anti-regime Syrian groups, especially the Syrian National Council, as well as those who have defected from the Syrian military, and evaluate their leadership and membership with the aim of increasing the capabilities of those groups whose political goals accord with U.S. national security interests.

Work with Turkey and other partners to establish safe havens in Syria, as well as no-go zones for the Assad regime’s security forces to protect civilians.

In the absence of American leadership, other countries that do not necessarily share our goals and values are stepping in to fill the void in Syria.  Given the stakes, it is important that the United States lead on this issue.  The Syrian people are calling for protection from the Assad regime.  It is our moral obligation and in our interest to assist them.
 
As you said in the case of Libya, it is now time “to live the values we hold so dear.”
 
Sincerely,

Khairi Abaza, Ammar Abdulhamid, Mouhanad Abdulhamid , Oula Abdulhamid, Hussain Abdul-Hussain, Elliott Abrams, Tony Badran, Bassam Bitar, Max Boot, Ellen Bork, L. Paul Bremer, Matthew R.J. Brodsky, Seth Cropsey, James S. Denton, Toby Dershowitz, Thomas M. Donnelly, Max Dubowitz, Eric S. Edelman, Douglas J. Feith, Jamie M. Fly, Reuel Marc Gerecht, Abe Greenwald, John P. Hannah, William Inboden, Bruce Pitcairn Jackson, Ash Jain, Allison Johnson, Robert Kagan, Sirwan Kajjo, Rachel Kleinfeld, William Kristol, Robert J.Lieber, Tod Lindberg, Bashar Lufti, Lila Lufti, Thomas G. Mahnken, Michael Makovsky, Ann Marlowe, Clifford D. May, Joshua Muravchik, Andrew S. Natsios, Martin Peretz, Kori Schake, Jonathan Schanzer, Randy Scheunemann, Gary J. Schmitt, Daniel S. Senor, Lee Smith, Henry D. Sokolski, Kurt Volker, Kenneth R. Weinstein, Peter Wehner, Leon Wieseltier, R. James Woolsey, Khawla Yusuf, Dov S. Zakheim, Robert Zarate, Radwan Ziadeh

http://www.foreignpolicyi.org/content/foreign-policy-experts-urge-president-obama-take-action-against-assad-0

Erstveröffentlicht am 2. Januar 2012 in der Berliner Umschau

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